Understanding Hair Loss in Men and Women

While hair loss is certainly unsettling it is not unusual. There are a number of causes of hair loss. Among these are:

Androgenetic Alopecia

hair loss.Androgenetic Alopecia is the medical term for either male or female pattern baldness. Androgenetic Alopecia represents close to 95% of all hair loss. This type of hair loss can be defined in two parts. First, andro- means to consist of androgens which are various hormones that control the appearance and development of masculine characteristics such as testosterone. Second is genetics, or the inheritance of genes from either the mother or father. Age added to genetics creates a time clock that signals the hair follicle to produce an enzyme named 5-alpha reductase, which is held in the hair follicle's oil gland. When testosterone is present in the follicle, and it combines with the enzyme 5-alpha reductase, it produces Dihydrotestosterone (DHT). DHT attacks the hair follicle, causing it to shrink, finally causing the hair to fall out and not grow back. Hair follicles that are sensitive to DHT must be exposed to the hormone for a prolonged period of time in order for the affected follicle to complete the miniaturization process. When DHT is suppressed, hair follicles continue to thrive.

hair loss caused by male pattern baldness (Androgenetic Alopecia). Androgenic Alopecia or male pattern baldness (MPB) is responsible for the vast majority of hair loss in men. Male pattern baldness is generally characterized with the onset of a receding hairline and thinning crown. Hair in these areas including the temples and mid-anterior scalp appear to be the most sensitive to DHT. This pattern eventually progresses into more apparent baldness throughout the entire top of the scalp, leaving only a rim or "horseshoe" pattern of hair remaining in the more advanced stages of MPB. For some men even this remaining rim of hair can be affected by DHT.

In women, Androgenetic Alopecia is also known as female pattern alopecia or baldness. The majority of women with Androgenetic Alopecia have diffuse thinning on all areas of the scalp It affects approximately one-third of all susceptible women, but is most commonly seen after menopause.

Traction Alopecia

Traction alopecia is caused by trauma to the hair follicles from tight hairstyles that pull at the hair over time. Braiding, cornrows, tight ponytails, and extensions are the most common styling causes of traction alopecia.

Alopecia Areata, Totalis, and Universalis

hair loss.Alopecia Areata, a disease of the body that causes hair loss, affects approximately two million Americans. Alopecia Areata causes patchy hair loss. Two other forms of this disease are Alopecia Totalis and Alopecia Universalis. Alopecia Totalis is the condition that causes the loss of hair over the entire scalp; Alopecia Universalis is when the condition of hair loss spreads over the entire body, even including eyebrows and eyelashes.

Although the causes of Alopecia Areata are unknown, there is evidence that it could be a breakdown of the immune system resulting in what is called an autoimmune disorder. This is when the immune system thinks that the hair follicle is a foreign body, and attacks it. There is also the possibility that heredity plays a factor, because studies have shown that for one out of five people with Alopecia Areata, someone else in the family also had it.

Anagen Effluvium

hair loss caused by chemotherapy. Anagen Effluvium is the condition where hair loss is caused by internally taking certain medicines that can affect the hair follicle, keeping it from growing. One of the most common medicines that causes this type of hair loss is chemotherapy agents. Since chemotherapy targets rapidly dividing cancer cells, your body's other rapidly dividing cells -- such as hair follicles in the growing (anagen) phase -- are also affected. Soon after chemotherapy begins, approximately 90% or more of hairs in the anagen phase can fall out.

Telogen Effluvium, is due to an increased number of hair follicles entering the resting stage.


Trichotillomania (trick-o-till-o-may-nee-uh) (TTM or “trich”), also known as Hair Pulling Disorder, is characterized by the repetitive pulling out of one's own hair. Research indicates that about 1 or 2 in 50 people experience trichotillomania in their lifetime. It usually begins in late childhood/early puberty. In childhood, it occurs about equally in boys and girls. By adulthood, 80-90% of reported cases are women. Hair pulling varies greatly in its severity, location on the body, and response to treatment. Without treatment, trichotillomania tends to be a chronic condition, that may come and go throughout a lifetime.

Although the severity of hair pulling varies greatly, many people with trichotillomania have noticeable hair loss, which they attempt to camouflage. Thinning or bald spots on the head may be covered with hairstyles, scarves, wigs, or makeup.

Try the Avvair™ Difference

Choosing the right hair replacement option is probably one of the most important decisions you will ever make regarding your appearance, how you see yourself, and how others see you. Avvair™ Styling and Hair Restoration Studio understands this, which means you get the best in customer service and privacy. Avvair is the only authorized Transitions Hair Restoration CenterAuthorized Transitions 
											Hair Restoration Center. in south Central Wisconsin, and services Madison, Janesville, La Crosse, Wausau, Stevens Point, Northern Illinois, Marshfield, Wisconsin Rapids, Prairie Du Chien and surrounding Dane Country Wisconsin communities.

Get Your Hair Back in One Day

Watch how Tino, a man with hair, decides to shave his head and undergo a custom Transitions non-surgical hair replacement in support of a friend who's experiencing hair loss, and is skeptical of treatments.


Nick's Transitions hair replacement treatment.


Hair loss solutions for women with thinning hair and genetic hair loss (Androgenetic Alopecia). Transitions Hair for Women offers significant increase in overall hair density, perfectly matched to your own hair for color, style, look and touch. Totally natural human hair wigs, hair additions, semi-permanent hair replacement for women. Natural European hair options available.


We know how hair loss can affect not only your appearance, but how it can also affect your self-confidence and self-esteem in family, social and professional interactions.


Laser Hair Loss Treatment Therapy

Non-surgical, non-chemical treatment for hair loss, thinning hair, baldness and problems associated with the scalp.

Products Offered by Avvair™

Nioxin Hair Products

Discover NIOXIN hair growth shampoos, treatments, & specialty solutions for thinning hair. 3-Part System Kits.

DHT Sensor™ Hair Products.

DHT Sensor™ is an easy-to-use, clinically-tested prevention program designed to help control excessive hair loss, improve the quality and condition of your scalp, enhance the appearance of thin looking hair, and stimulate regrowth. For men and women who are beginning to experience thinning, or who have naturally thin, fine hair. Results supported by clinical studies.

Transitions' private label Hairmax LaserComb

The only at-home FDA Cleared medical device to treat hair loss and promote hair growth in both men and women. The HairMax LaserComb is clinically proven to energize hair follicles, stimulate hair growth, reverse the thinning process, Increase density & fullness and revitalize damaged hair.